The Algerian Football Federation is an association of Algeria football clubs organizing national competitions and international matches of the selection of Algeria national football team. The president was formerly limited to two five-year terms, but a constitutional amendment passed by the Parliament on 11 November 2008 removed this limitation. Algeria country codes are followed by these area codes. [43], In July 1627 two pirate ships from Algiers under the command of Dutch pirate Jan Janszoon sailed as far as Iceland,[44] raiding and capturing slaves. A continuing series of protests throughout the country started on 28 December 2010, inspired by similar protests across the Middle East and North Africa. Area Codes Search Notes. Algiers, Oran, Constantine, and Annaba are Algeria's main cities.[80]. Colloquial Algerian Arabic is heavily infused with borrowings from French and Berber. ISO-3166 Alpha-2. Whole tribes set off with women, children, ancestors, animals and camping equipment. It bases its list of country names and abbreviations on the list of names published by the United Nations. It is a 3-way, 1,216-kilometre-long (756 mi) highway, linking Annaba in the extreme east to the Tlemcen in the far west. In 1710, the dey persuaded the sultan to recognise him and his successors as regent, replacing the pasha in that role, although Algiers remained a part of the Ottoman Empire. Following those wars, Algeria was weaker and Europeans, with an Anglo-Dutch fleet commanded by the British Lord Exmouth, attacked Algiers. There has been a transition from cinema which focused on the war of independence to films more concerned with the everyday lives of Algerians. Giving incentives and rewarding best performers, as well as offering funds in a faster and more flexible manner, are the two main principles underlying the European Neighbourhood Instrument (ENI) that came into force in 2014. [116], Algeria, whose economy is reliant on petroleum, has been an OPEC member since 1969. On 2 April 2019, Bouteflika resigned from the presidency after mass protests against his candidacy for a fifth term in office.[79]. The Islamist militants conducted a violent campaign of civilian massacres. [citation needed] The influx of Bedouin tribes was a major factor in the linguistic, cultural Arabization of the Maghreb and in the spread of nomadism in areas where agriculture had previously been dominant. The UN also uses 3-letter codes, and numerical codes to identify nations, and those are shown above. The two main branches were the Botr and Barnès tribes, who were divided into tribes, and again into sub-tribes. [73], In December 1991 the Islamic Salvation Front dominated the first of two rounds of legislative elections. Saint Augustine was the bishop of Hippo Regius (modern-day Annaba, Algeria), located in the Roman province of Africa. Country-specific domains ending with .dz, e.g. Algeria is classified as an upper middle income country by the World Bank. The last were evacuated to Sicily by the Normans and the few remaining died out in the 14th century.[25]. [36] The pirates often took the passengers and crew on the ships and sold them or used them as slaves. This page was last edited on 23 December 2020, at 15:44. Farther inland, the rainfall is less plentiful. [118] It also ranks 16th in oil reserves. Trending posts and videos related to Algeria Country Code! Find your Algeria dialling codes: We’ve listed all the codes for Algeria here for your convenience, whether you’re with Rebtel or just looking to make an international call. After sunset, however, the clear, dry air permits rapid loss of heat, and the nights are cool to chilly. He appoints the Prime Minister who is also the head of government. The 2010–14 public-investment programme will cost US$286 billion, 40% of which will go to human development. As a first step, Algerian literature was marked by works whose main concern was the assertion of the Algerian national entity, there is the publication of novels as the Algerian trilogy of Mohammed Dib, or even Nedjma of Kateb Yacine novel which is often regarded as a monumental and major work. [170], For the unincorporated community in West Virginia, see, الجمهورية الجزائرية الديمقراطية الشعبية (, The first three decades of independence (1962–1991), Jonathan Conant, Staying Roman, 2012, pp. Due to the fact that the journalists and activists criticize the ruling government, some media organizations' licenses are cancelled. [64] Many Europeans settled in Oran and Algiers, and by the early 20th century they formed a majority of the population in both cities. The indigenous Amazigh tribes, however, remained largely independent, and depending on tribe, location and time controlled varying parts of the Maghreb, at times unifying it (as under the Fatimids). [34][35], The next beylerbey was Hayreddin's son Hasan, who assumed the position in 1544. Map view Geographical center of Algeria. [58] The slave trade and piracy in Algeria ceased following the French conquest. As Carthaginian power waned, the influence of Berber leaders in the hinterland grew. We can say that in the 13th century the Arabs were in all of North Africa, with the exception of the main mountain ranges and certain coastal regions which remained entirely Berber. Country Code 213 is the calling code for Algeria. [32], In the early 16th century, Spain constructed fortified outposts (presidios) on or near the Algerian coast. The indigenous cultural and religious resistance heavily opposed this tendency, but in contrast to the other colonised countries' path in central Asia and Caucasus, Algeria kept its individual skills and a relatively human-capital intensive agriculture.[66]. Its capital is Algiers. However, traditional cakes are also made at home, following the habits and customs of each family. [93], Tensions between Algeria and Morocco in relation to the Western Sahara have been an obstacle to tightening the Arab Maghreb Union, nominally established in 1989, but which has carried little practical weight.[94]. Under Ben Bella, the government had become increasingly socialist and authoritarian; Boumédienne continued this trend. During the Middle Ages, North Africa was home to many great scholars, saints and sovereigns including Judah Ibn Quraysh, the first grammarian to mention Semitic and Berber languages, the great Sufi masters Sidi Boumediene (Abu Madyan) and Sidi El Houari, and the Emirs Abd Al Mu'min and Yāghmūrasen. Chaâbi music is a typically Algerian musical genre characterized by specific rhythms and of Qacidate (popular poems) in Arabic dialect. Some stopped on the way, especially in Cyrenaica, where they are still one of the essential elements of the settlement but most arrived in Ifriqiya by the Gabes region. The best 'Algeria Country Code' images and discussions of November 2020. In the region of Ain Hanech (Saïda Province), early remnants (200,000 BC) of hominid occupation in North Africa were found. The University of Algiers, founded in 1879, is the oldest, it offers education in various disciplines (law, medicine, science and letters). Afghanistan. [61] About 80% of Indigenous schools were constructed for Kabyles. This industry appears to have spread throughout the coastal regions of the Maghreb between 15,000 and 10,000 BC. Algeria country code: +213. [75] At several points in the conflict, the situation in Algeria became a point of international concern, most notably during the crisis surrounding Air France Flight 8969, a hijacking perpetrated by the Armed Islamic Group. The number of European Pied-Noirs who fled Algeria totaled more than 900,000 between 1962 and 1964. The AIS disbanded and levels of insurgent violence fell rapidly. Mohammed Khadda[163] and M'hamed Issiakhem have been notable in recent years.[163]. Do not dial any leading ‘0’ listed in the Algerian phone number. Like the rest of North Africa, Algeria was one of the breadbaskets of the empire, exporting cereals and other agricultural products. sea routes weather routing voyage planning vessels ships ports shipyards bunker consumption tide stations Calculate distances - nautical miles or kilometers for seagoing ships and vessels He collectivised agriculture and launched a massive industrialisation drive. From there they gradually gained the upper Algiers and Oran plains. Berber has been recognised as a "national language" by the constitutional amendment of 8 May 2002. Political parties developed, such as the Islamic Salvation Front (FIS), a broad coalition of Muslim groups. The development of the tourism sector in Algeria had previously been hampered by a lack of facilities, but since 2004 a broad tourism development strategy has been implemented resulting in many hotels of a high modern standard being built. [73], Bouteflika was re-elected in the April 2004 presidential election after campaigning on a programme of national reconciliation. Given Algeria's young population, policy favors preventive health care and clinics over hospitals. The mountain regions contain large forests of evergreens (Aleppo pine, juniper, and evergreen oak) and some deciduous trees. In 146 BC the city of Carthage was destroyed. Country Code DZA Country code according to ISO-3166 Alpha-3. Most of the coastal area is hilly, sometimes even mountainous, and there are a few natural harbours. Despite usurpation, military coups and occasional mob rule, the day-to-day operation of Ottoman government was remarkably orderly. The country is located in Northern Africa, adjoined by the Mediterranean Sea in the north. Additional information for Algeria. Over 20,000 cannonballs were fired, much of the city and its fortifications were destroyed and most of the Algerian fleet was sunk. Between the Nile and the Red Sea were living Bedouin tribes expelled from Arabia for their disruption and turbulent influence, both Banu Hilal and Banu Sulaym among others, whose presence disrupted farmers in the Nile Valley since the nomads would often loot. This country code 213 allows you to call Algeria from other countries. The war led to the death of hundreds of thousands of Algerians and hundreds of thousands of injuries. Follow @callingcodes. E.164 code(s) +213. [3] Fiscal policy in 2011 remained expansionist and made it possible to maintain the pace of public investment and to contain the strong demand for jobs and housing. [3], Non-hydrocarbon growth for 2011 was projected at 5%. The area from the coast to the Tell Atlas is fertile. In 1516 the Turkish privateer brothers Aruj and Hayreddin Barbarossa, who operated successfully under the Hafsids, moved their base of operations to Algiers. [120], Access to biocapacity in Algeria is lower than world average. Subsequently, with the institution of a regular Ottoman administration, governors with the title of pasha ruled for three-year terms. After the death of General Larbi Belkheir, Previous president Bouteflika put loyalists in key posts, notably at Sonatrach, and secured constitutional amendments that made him re-electable indefinitely, until he was brought down in 2019 during protests. The current-account surplus is estimated at 9.3% of GDP and at the end of December 2011, official reserves were put at US$182 billion. I guess it’s because the original name of Algeria is “Dzair” and this is what we-algerians- call it. The Algeria area code table below shows the various city codes for Algeria. Fixed phone numbers in Algeria are comprised of a single country code (+213), a 2 digit area code, and a 80-90 digit line code. Its crude oil production stands at around 1.1 million barrels/day, but it is also a major gas producer and exporter, with important links to Europe. [3] It is the direct successor of the National Liberation Army (Armée de Libération Nationale or ALN), the armed wing of the nationalist National Liberation Front which fought French colonial occupation during the Algerian War of Independence (1954–62). In the Revolt of the Mercenaries, Berber soldiers rebelled from 241 to 238 BC after being unpaid following the defeat of Carthage in the First Punic War. Growth of 3% is expected in 2012, rising to 4.2% in 2013. 60% of university students are women, according to university researchers. It contains 24 characters. When introducing new provinces, the numbers of old provinces are kept, hence the non-alphabetical order. This was especially beneficial to the leadership after the international 1973 oil crisis. .af. In 2016 a number of unions, many of which were involved in the 2010–2012 Algerian Protests, have been deregistered by the government. ?? [81] As early as 2014, scientists were attributing extreme heat waves to climate change in Algeria.[81]. The Amazighs historically consisted of several tribes. Get the number you are calling, illustration: 07911 111111. This not only prompted the Bedouins to leave, but the Fatimid treasury even gave them a light expatriation cash allowance. [95] Service in the military is compulsory for men aged 19–30, for a total of 12 months. Country code guide are providing you a detailed information on country & area codes in Algeria, you find that most people have a series of two digits from their phone number in DZ (for example, +213). The Military and Colonial Destruction of the Roman Landscape of North Africa ... – Michael Greenhalgh, p366, Albert Habib Hourani, Malise Ruthven (2002). In Al-Tāghrībāt the Amazigh Zirid Hero Khālīfā Al-Zānatī asks daily, for duels, to defeat the Hilalan hero Ābu Zayd al-Hilalī and many other Arab knights in a string of victories. [111], Income from oil and gas rose in 2011 as a result of continuing high oil prices, though the trend in production volume is downwards. [111] Unemployment particularly affects the young, with a jobless rate of 21.5% among the 15–24 age group. Fixed phone numbers in Algeria are comprised of a single country code (+213), a 2 digit area code, and a 80-90 digit line code. [82], Because a large part of the country is in already hot and arid geographies, including part of the Sahara, already strong heat and water resource access challenges are expected to get worse. Browse our sites area and region codes by region and city to ensure you have the correct information for your calls. [51], Despite being removed from Algeria in the 19th century, Spain retained a presence in Morocco. The Algeria country code 213 will allow you to call Algeria from another country. South of the Tell Atlas is a steppe landscape ending with the Saharan Atlas; farther south, there is the Sahara desert. Masinissa's line survived until 24 AD, when the remaining Berber territory was annexed to the Roman Empire. It is a member of the African Union, the Arab League, OPEC, the United Nations, and the Arab Maghreb Union, of which it is a founding member. The war had killed approximately 825,000 indigenous Algerians since 1830. 28.1% of Algerians are under the age of 15. The country's name derives from the city of Algiers which in turn derives from the Arabic al-Jazāʾir (الجزائر, "The Islands"),[12] a truncated form of the older Jazāʾir Banī Mazghanna (جزائر بني مزغنة, "Islands of the Mazghanna Tribe"),[13][14][page needed][15][page needed] employed by medieval geographers such as al-Idrisi. The Middle Ages have known many Arabic writers who revolutionized the Arab world literature, with authors like Ahmad al-Buni, Ibn Manzur and Ibn Khaldoun, who wrote the Muqaddimah while staying in Algeria, and many others. [78], A wave of economic protests in February and March 2011 prompted the Algerian government to offer more than $23 billion in public grants and retroactive salary and benefit increases. One of France's longest-held overseas territories, Algeria became a destination for hundreds of thousands of European immigrants, who became known as colons and later, as Pied-Noirs. In addition, political campaigns must be exempt from the aforementioned subjects. [37] The conquest of Algeria by the French took some time and resulted in considerable bloodshed. [42] The introduction of broad-sail ships from the beginning of the 17th century allowed them to branch out into the Atlantic. Autonomous tribal states were tolerated, and the regency's authority was seldom applied in the Kabylie. The Carthaginian state declined because of successive defeats by the Romans in the Punic Wars.[22]. ISO 3166-2:DZ is the entry for Algeria in ISO 3166-2, part of the ISO 3166 standard published by the International Organization for Standardization (ISO), which defines codes for the names of the principal subdivisions (e.g., provinces or states) of all countries coded in ISO 3166-1.. To make international telephone calls to Algeria you will need to dial: Exit Country Code + 213 + Area Code + The Number ISO Country Codes - IATA Country Codes. In addition, several football clubs have won continental and international trophies as the club ES Sétif or JS Kabylia. The military of Algeria consists of the People's National Army (ANP), the Algerian National Navy (MRA), and the Algerian Air Force (QJJ), plus the Territorial Air Defence Forces. [45][46][47] Two weeks earlier another pirate ship from Salé in Morocco had also raided in Iceland. Morocco's claim to portions of western Algeria led to the Sand War in 1963. Algeria is divided into 58 provinces (wilayas), 553 districts (daïras) and 1,541 municipalities (baladiyahs). These "Fatimids" went on to found a long lasting dynasty stretching across the Maghreb, Hejaz and the Levant, boasting a secular inner government, as well as a powerful army and navy, made up primarily of Arabs and Levantines extending from Algeria to their capital state of Cairo. This road is supported by the Algerian government to increase trade between the six countries crossed: Algeria, Mali, Niger, Nigeria, Chad, and Tunisia. The two first letters were chosen to define the country code for Algeria. ALG. Sidaoui, Riadh (2009). A combination of violence and disease epidemics caused the indigenous Algerian population to decline by nearly one-third from 1830 to 1872. Each region of the Maghreb contained several tribes (for example, Sanhadja, Houara, Zenata, Masmouda, Kutama, Awarba, and Berghwata). The most commonly seen animals include the wild boars, jackals, and gazelles, although it is not uncommon to spot fennecs (foxes), and jerboas. The University of Abou Bekr Belkaïd in Tlemcen and University of Batna Hadj Lakhdar occupy the 26th and 45th row in Africa.[159]. Algeria also has a small African leopard and Saharan cheetah population, but these are seldom seen. [133] There are also more than 4,000 Palestinian refugees, who are well integrated and have not asked for assistance from the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR). Merainfo.com is providing a good general information about Algeria. Algeria Country Code 213, country Alpha-2 code DZ Alpha-3 code DZA. It was during this time that the Fatimids or children of Fatima, daughter of Muhammad, came to the Maghreb. The undisputed master of this music is El Hadj M'Hamed El Anka. Among the important novelists of the 1980s were Rachid Mimouni, later vice-president of Amnesty International, and Tahar Djaout, murdered by an Islamist group in 1993 for his secularist views.[161]. Algeria has invested an estimated 100 billion dinars towards developing research facilities and paying researchers. Neanderthal tool makers produced hand axes in the Levalloisian and Mousterian styles (43,000 BC) similar to those in the Levant. After nine years of primary school, students can go to the high school or to an educational institution. [34], The dey was in effect a constitutional autocrat. Most of the population is Arab-Berber, practicing Islam and using the official languages of Arabic and Berber. Cakes are marketed and can be found in cities either in Algeria, in Europe or North America. Algeria – Country Code 213. It offered amnesty to most guerrillas and Government security forces. This period had also known Augustine of Hippo, Nonius Marcellus and Martianus Capella, among many others. [29], Several Amazigh dynasties emerged during the Middle Ages in the Maghreb and other nearby lands. Racing (fantasia) and rifle shooting are part of cultural recreation of the Algerians. The Christians left in three waves: after the initial conquest, in the 10th century and the 11th. ICAO aircraft regis. ISO-3166 Alpha-3. It was at first dominated by the ojaq; but by the 18th century, it had become the dey's instrument. The varied vegetation of Algeria includes coastal, mountainous and grassy desert-like regions which all support a wide range of wildlife. Fearing the election of an Islamist government, the authorities intervened on 11 January 1992, cancelling the elections. Algeria international dialing 213 is followed by an area code. [109], In 2011 Algeria announced a budgetary surplus of $26.9 billion, 62% increase in comparison to 2010 surplus. The financial support provided by the state, through the Fund for the Development of the Arts, Techniques and the Film Industry (FDATIC) and the Algerian Agency for Cultural Influence (AARC), plays a key role in the promotion of national production. Rainfall is fairly plentiful along the coastal part of the Tell Atlas, ranging from 400 to 670 mm (15.7 to 26.4 in) annually, the amount of precipitation increasing from west to east. In order to punish them the Fatimids sent the Arab Banu Hilal and Banu Sulaym against them. [152] Algerian citizens who are Christians predominantly belong to Protestant groups, which have seen increased pressure from the government in recent years including many forced closures.[153][152]. There is not a dish where cereals are not present. [138], Despite the dominance of the Berber ethnicity in Algeria, the majority of Algerians identify with an Arabic-based identity, especially after the Arab nationalism rising in the 20th century. Algeria is included in the European Union's European Neighbourhood Policy (ENP) which aims at bringing the EU and its neighbours closer. Among these, in the summer time when winds are heavy and gusty, temperatures can go up to 43.3 °C (110 °F). Many animals are now extinct, including the Barbary lions, Atlas bears and crocodiles. Several names are engraved in the history of the sport, including Lakhdar Belloumi, Rachid Mekhloufi, Hassen Lalmas, Rabah Madjer, Salah Assad and Djamel Zidane. 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The army for his support, and this is what we-algerians- call it you do. Films more concerned with the wrong country, area, or region code can be prepared using meat fish! The two first letters were chosen to define the country is located in the Marathon people emigrated to cellular... Concerned with the Saharan Atlas ; farther south, there is the calling for! The Trans-Sahara Highway, a broad coalition of Muslim groups further constitutional and political organisation supported states!